What are the Signs of
In addition to being one of the most common mental health disorders, depression is also misunderstood. At any given time, humans experience a range of emotions, from happiness to sadness. Depression is not simply feeling sad; it’s experiencing a range of physical and mental symptoms that make it impossible to lead a normal and healthy life. The ability to connect with other people on a deep, meaningful level isn’t easy for someone experiencing depression.
Having a bad day now and then may not be depression. Depression is a mental disorder characterized by long periods of feeling despondent and dejected. Those who suffer from depression have difficulty enjoying regular activities. Some other symptoms of depression include:
- Difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
- Sudden weight loss or weight gain
- Feeling of hopelessness
- Reduced energy
- Loss of interest in hobbies or activities
- Body pain or aches
- Suicidal thoughts
- Restlessness and anxiety
Experiencing these symptoms for an extended period of time often points to depression.
Does Depression Lead to Substance Abuse?
As a chronic illness, depression is likely to foster addictive behavior. This is especially true when considering the symptoms of depression. Feeling despondent, hopeless, having trouble sleeping, and other symptoms are often masked by drug or alcohol use.
The issue with this is that once a person starts using drugs and alcohol to deal with depression, they may become addicted and regularly rely on these substances. In reality, self-medicating with drugs and alcohol won’t help depression; they actually worsen the symptoms and cause individuals to enter a downward spiral to try to use more substances to cope.
In these situations, dual diagnosis treatment may be appropriate. Dual diagnosis programs treat all disorders concurrently so that each issue can be addressed holistically.
Depression can be a secondary illness to other issues such as bipolar disorder, PTSD, eating disorders, and more, which means those with depression are even more likely to become addicted to drugs or alcohol and seek a substance abuse treatment program.
Types of Depression
When it comes to categorizing depression, the Anxiety and Depression Association of America recognizes three main types. These types all have similar symptoms
and identifying signs. However, there are a few key differences that set them apart.
This is probably the most commonly known form of depression. Bipolar disorder is characterized by periods of mania followed by periods of intense depression. Also described, as high-highs and low-lows, bipolar is a dangerous form of depression that can result in rash decision-making, inappropriate social behavior, and risky behavior. The shift between mania and depression can happen suddenly or gradually depending on the person.
Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)
An individual suffering from PDD can often seem like a negative thinker or pessimistic person. PDD is less intense than other forms of depression, but it has a negative impact on a person’s life nonetheless. Those with PDD are easily irritated, over-critical and have low self-confidence and difficulty making decisions. In most cases, periods of PDD last about two years.
Major depression is diagnosed when a person is experiencing five or more symptoms of depression for a period of two weeks or longer. It’s not as simple as feeling sad for a day or two. Major depression makes it almost impossible to lead a normal life since activities such as work, school, or hobbies become unbearable. With each unique case, major depression is different. Some may experience it suddenly as a result of trauma or loss, while others will struggle with it for their entire lives.
How to Spot Depression?
End the Cycle of Depression,
Anxiety & Addiction with Dual
Substance abuse and addiction can lead to depression and anxiety. Inversely, intense anxiety and depression episodes can lead people to seek relief with drugs and alcohol, resulting in addiction. An individual can end the cycle with a compassionate and evidence-based dual diagnosis treatment program. Treatment from professionals trained and experienced in treating patients with these unique needs can be extremely effective.
The experts at Beachway Therapy Center can help. Our counselors are available to offer guidance and advice.