Valium, otherwise known by its generic, medical name Diazepam, falls under a class of drugs known as Benzodiazepines. This class of drugs is generally prescribed as an anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, and in some cases, has even been prescribed to aid in the withdrawal from alcohol addiction. Of the “Benzos” generally available to the public through prescription, Valium is popular for its effectiveness and longer-lasting effects than other benzodiazepines such as Xanax or Klonopin.
Valium increases the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the nervous system; thus, patients feel less anxious and more relaxed or sedate.
Valium is classified as a “Schedule IV” drug by the United States, meaning that it is considered a relatively low risk for addiction but is also approved for various medical uses and can be legally prescribed by doctors. It was widely prescribed for many years for a host of different problems at different degrees of severity. Today, however, it’s understood that Valium addiction, despite the low schedule rating, is a genuine problem, and Valium addiction should be taken seriously.